Widely known as teal, this dark cyan-like hue was originally named after the bluish-green stripe around the eyes of a Eurasian duck. In recent years, the gem’s mesmerizing marine hue – reminiscent of serene oceans and the mysterious green of our lands has redefined the jewelry market for unique colored gemstones, capturing the imaginations of consumers, especially amongst the millennial and Gen Z. The USA is amongst teal sapphire’s most ardent consumers, followed by Australia, France, UK, and Asia. Public awareness regarding teal sapphires has grown in the last five years and will continue to grow, says Navneet Agarwal, Marketing Manager of Navneet Gems & Minerals Limited Co., a gem manufacturer in Bangkok.
Bold flashes of soft green mixed with a kiss of blue, teal sapphires have earned various trade names like “Mermaid” sapphire. “Mermaid sapphires are a subset of teal sapphires with a specific color ratio of 50% blue and 50% green. Mermaid sapphires are the top color of teal sapphires,” says Agarwal. He speculates that this 50-50 color ratio of blue and green may potentially scale-up in prices like a perfect padparadscha color. “Like padparadscha, each teal sapphire appears to have a unique personality reflected in its color variations.”
The main sources of teal sapphires are Montana, Australia, Madagascar, Ethiopia, and Nigeria, all equally important with differences in tone, intensity, and brightness. Teal sapphires have been actively mined for more than 100 years in Montana’s Rock Creek, and Potentate Mining is among the industry’s premier local producers. “Montana’s teal sapphires have sporadically been on the market since the late 1990s. When we tested the market in 2014-2015, there was general ambivalence and dismissiveness about these unique colors from the Rock Creek Sapphires. Still, we have seen a paradigm shift,” says Warren Boyd of Potentate Mining. He adds, “We could accredit this surge in interest to the discovery of the first teal sapphires in Montana.” According to Agarwal, “the interest also piqued when Australian teal sapphires were discovered with their unique coloring, yielding both teal and only a few rare mermaid sapphires of excellent quality. The challenge lies in finding rare top-grade teal or “Mermaid” sapphires of superior clarity and cut. “We source our teal sapphires from well-known mines all over the world. The choice of the source depends on the quality and ethical sourcing.”
Most teal sapphires from Montana and Australia are responsibly sourced using mechanical mining to ensure processes are closely regulated throughout the supply chain. Whereas those from Madagascar and Nigeria are predominantly mined by artisanal miners. “Its exquisite color and rising popularity are also helping them establish new markets for this non-traditional, unique color sapphire,” says Agarwal.
Caleb B. Quashen International, a gem supplier specializing in ethically sourced obscure gems, supports African artisanal miners. “We see purpose and beauty in all the different qualities of teal sapphires and pride ourselves in using stones with eye-visible inclusions. We do not cherry-pick; instead, we buy it all, and that means the full unearthing effort.” Caleb adds that “every origin has the ability to produce spectacular specimens. The veteran eye can get pretty good at noting the distinctions.”
With the emergence of the alternative bridal market, teal sapphires are providing a new palette for designers and consumers who gravitate towards less popular gems in search of jewels that define their individuality.
There are multiple reasons for their appeal. First, their unique coloring due to a perfect balance of titanium and iron, makes them a more personalized alternative to the traditional blue sapphire engagement ring. Second, compared to top blue sapphires, teal sapphires are much more reasonably priced. Third, besides sharing color with lagoon tourmaline from Afghanistan, Teal sapphires have greater hardness with 9 on the Mohs scale and higher refractive index, opening great possibilities for the engagement market. Slovenia-based jewelry brand Capucinne specializes in alternative engagement rings, is a prolific employer of teal sapphires. “We liked these stones from the start as they were the perfect solution for those looking for something blue but wanted a modern and deeper undertone to the classic blue sapphire.” Apart from color, clarity, cut, the stone’s origin due to consumer patriotism also plays a role in their purchasing decisions. Regarding Montana teal sapphires, Boyd thinks, “American consumers are keen to purchase American-mined products that are recovered in an environmentally responsible and ethical manner.” Capucine also says, “what matters most about the origin to us is that they are responsibly and ethically sourced, whether they’re from Montana, Australia, Nigeria or Madagascar.”
Teal sapphires offer something new in the world of gemstones, and the desire to possess them will only intensify as more gem and jewelry lovers become enchanted by their beauty.